Antibiotic resistance is scary, however few papers have terrified me like this one. NDM1 is a product of the misuse and over prescription of antibiotics, and has the possibility to cause major harm. NDM1 stands for New Delhi Metallo-beta-lactamase-1and it is an enzyme that gives bacteria resistance to a large range of beta-lactam antibiotics, including the Carbapenem family of antibiotics (the antibiotics used when nothing else works). The enzyme is encoded in a plasmid easily transferred from one species of bacteria to another, allowing any bacteria in close proximity to a bacterium with the enzyme to acquire the resistance. Bactria that possess NDM-1 are almost untreatable, and in some cases, lethal even with treatment. NDM1 isn't just contained to the lab: it's global.